During this voyage from South Africa to Scheveningen, we will be sailing from Cape Town to St Helena, Ascension Island, cross the equator onwards towards the renowed harbor of Horta. After this stop we will set sail for Armada Rouen, where we will meet the other tall Ship and race them home!
This ocean voyage is perfect for the ones who really want to learn more about life on board a square rigger. During this trip there will be plenty of time to learn from our crew and your fellow trainees. We will not only focus on sail training during this voyage but also on scientific research on the oceans. We will learn more on how they are collecting data for research on weather observations and on global warming. Taking into account the maintenance that is going on on board this voyage combines enough time to relax with a good opportunity to gain some new knowledge.
Bark Europa crosses the oceans following the traditional sailing routes, which are often a long way from the routes of commercial trade. This makes our sailing voyages exceptionally interesting for scientific research. During our sail around the world in 2013 we had special equipment on board taking measurements of air and water which are being used for international research on climate change and meteorology. Last year we deployed several floaters and drifters along the route from Cape Town to Horta, activities that we will pursue in the coming years. In 2016 we had two scientists on board who investigated their own research goals and will gave lectures on their field of experience.
Our voyage will start from Capetown before we head north to St Helena, Ascension Island and the Azores. Capetown is the capital city of the south-west region called Western Cape province. Located on the shore of the Table Mountain, you have a wonderful view over the city once you climb up the mountain. From Lion’s Head, you can watch over Robben island, which was the island where Nelson Mandela has been imprisoned for over nineteen years.
From the 16th century onwards the Cape was an important place for Portuguese, Dutch, Danish, English and French navigators to trade their goods in exchange for food supplies. In 1652 the Dutch established a way-station and Fort the Good Hope and the settlement grew slowly every year.
With the Dutch East Indian Company being bankrupt the Brits captured the colony in 1814. It was only after 1910 that the colonies regained their independence as the Union of South Africa.
Although tiny in size, St. Helena played an important role in world’s history. It has been of vital strategic importance to ships sailing to Europe from the Far East. The island Saint Helena was discovered by the Portuguese navigator Joao da Nova, on his voyage from India in 1502. He named the discovered island St. Helena after the mother of the Emperor Constantine the Great, Helena. The island was strategically important during the British Empire, until the opening of the Suez Canal and the advent of steamships.
In 1633, the Dutch formally claimed the Island but abandoned it again in 1651, in favor of their other colony at Cape the Good Hope. The English East Indian Company (EIC) was given a Royal Charter to fortify and colonize the island in 1659.
In the following years, more settlers and slaves arrived at the island, but when slaves started to outnumber the civilian population, it was ordered that no more slaves could be brought to the island. A request was sent to China to ask for laborers, who came to the island from 1810 until 1834. A racial melting pot was created on St. Helena.
Another well-known role of the remote island was as a place of exile, most notably for Napoleon Bonaparte. He was brought to the island in October 1815 and died there in May 1821. His body returned to France in 1840.
In 1834 St. Helena became a British Crown colony. The EIC withdrew and their privileges disappeared. It was followed by emigration and poverty. In the 19th century the island also played a largely unrecognized role during the abolition of slavery. Thousands of captives were set free and a huge influx of liberated African slaves sought refuge on the island.
About 700 nautical miles from St. Helena, Ascension Island was discovered by the Portuguese navigator Joao da Nova Castella in 1501 and found again in 1503 by Alphonse d’Albuquerque on Ascension Day. The island remained inhabited until Napoleon Bonaparte was incarcerated on St. Helena in 1815, when British marines were stationed on Ascension.
In 1823 the island remained under supervision by the Royal Marines and in 1922 it became a dependency of St. Helena. From 1922 until 2002 the island was managed by the Eastern Telegraph Company, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and various other entities. During the Second World War the Ascension Island was used as an airstrip for British and American airplanes. Other important presences have been the U.S. NASA, U.S. Air Force, Royal Air Force (RAF) and the European Space Agency.
The sandy beaches are critical nesting sites for the famous green turtles, which come ashore to lay eggs between January and April. The peak of the hatching season of green turtles will be during our visit to Ascension island, so make yourself ready for a night walk on the beach looking for green turtles!
The nine Portuguese islands, dominated by a volcanic mountain range, offer a rare and unspoiled natural beauty. There are meadows filled with the scent of wild herbs and vivid, colourful flowers line the roads. It is quite the perfect setting to relax. The Azores are also a perfect place to watch whales and different species of dolphins.
Horta is the capital city of the Island Faial, also called Ilha Azul (blue island). The blooming Hydrangea are found everywhere on the island, creating a blue see of flowers in June and July. Horta has a popular marina for sailing vessels that are on a transatlantic voyage. Horta's renowned marina amongst sailors has become an open-air gallery of colourful painted murals by sailing crew before departing on their next voyage.
Rouen is a French city which can be reached by sailing up the Seine River. The city is the capital of the Normandy region and was one of the richest cities during the Middle Ages.
The city was founded by a Gaulish tribe and was already important during Roman times. In 841 A.D. the city was overrun by Vikings, but the foundations of the Roman amphitheater and thermae can still be found today. Due to its favorable location on the river, the city prospered and gained richer as the textile industry grew, along with the export of wine and wheat to England.
In 1431 the city was the stage for a very known moment in history, the trial and burning of Joan of Arc. During this time the city was the capital of the English power in occupied France and most of the residents supported the enemies of Joan, who had her executed.The harbor of Rouen has always been important for the development and wealth of the city. Goods were exported to and from the whole of Europe and from the 16th century the port became the main French port for trade with the New World, mostly Brazil.
During the First World War Rouen was used by the British as a supply base and there were many military hospitals.
In the Second World War, almost half of the city was destroyed, by both German and allied forces. German troops did not allow firemen to extinguish the fire around Rouen Cathedral, which burned for 48 hours. The Cathedral and other monuments were also severely damaged by allied bombings.
The name Scheveningen was first used in 1280 but the origin of the name and the first inhabitants of the village are not entirely sure. The location specified with the name lies a bit away from the sea, more inlands behind the dunes.
On the coast a small fishing village was establisched in the 12th century and this spot was first called Scheveningen in a document from 1357, when the inhabitants asked a favor of the count who ruled the land. Just like the other villages along the coast, Scheveningen had no harbor and the vessels landed on the beach with their catch. The settlement was only protected by natural dunes and once in a while heavy storms were able to flood it and sweep away the buildings.
In 1655 the fishing village became connected to The Hague by a road, replacing the sand path which used to be the only way between the two places. Now the village and the beach were better reachable and it became a popular place for people from the city. Some of the more wealthy citizens built vacations homes along the way.
In 1818 the first bathhouse was build, which was back then only a small wooden building. This was swiftly replaced by a building with a central part and two side buildings. This proved too small quickly and in 1884 the construction started on the Kurhaus. This building, in Italian Renaissance style burned down the next year, but rebuilding started right away and the new building still exists today.
A heavy storm in 1894 was the starting point of construction work on a harbor. It was finished 10 years later and the traditional flat bottomed ships were replaced by herring luggers. Herring becomes the main catch of the fleet, and soon an auction location was build to sell the fish.
The harbor is still there today and will this year for the first time welcome an international fleet of tall ships. Scheveningen is the final stop in the Liberty Tall Ship Regata, which will be the starting point for a 3 day sail event.